|SIC Codes:||2611 2621 2631|
|NAICS Codes:||322110 322121 322122 322130|
Companies in this industry primarily manufacture pulp, paper, and paperboard. Major US companies include Boise, Clearwater Paper, Wausau Paper and units of integrated manufacturers International Paper, Georgia-Pacific, and Weyerhaeuser.
Demand depends on both consumer and business use of paper products. The profitability of individual companies depends largely on production efficiency. Mills owned by large paper companies have advantages by being vertically integrated; the parent corporation may own timber farms, sawmills, pulp and paper mills, conversion plants, and other end-product manufacturing facilities. Small mills can compete successfully in regional markets, in close proximity to timber sources or customers. The US industry is highly concentrated: the top 50 companies account for 90 percent of revenue.
Paper accounts for 55 percent of US industry revenue, paperboard for 35 percent, and pulp for 5 percent. Other products include newsprint, and nonwood pulp from cotton, straw, rag, flax, de-inked scrap paper and bagasse (the outer stalk of sugar cane), and byproducts such as turpentine and tall oil. Within the paper segment, major products are tissue papers, uncoated sheet papers, and coated printing papers. Paperboard is used mainly to make boxes and other containers.Buy Now